As a Texas farmer, I know firsthand the importance of finding a fertile plot before I commit to investing in the real estate market.
With over 142 million acres of agricultural land, Texas boasts some of the nation's most fertile and productive farm land. The best farm land in Texas can be found in the following regions: High Plains & Texas Panhandle, Rio Grande Valley, Blackland Prairie, and the Gulf Coast.
In this article, I will explore the different regions of Texas and the types of farmland available, as well as the crops and livestock commonly grown in the state. I'll also provide information on popular Texas cities for farmland and the cost of buying and selling farm land. Whether you're a seasoned farmer or just starting out, this guide will give you the knowledge you need to find the best farm land in Texas.
- The best farm land in Texas includes: High Plains & Texas Panhandle, Rio Grande Valley, Blackland Prairie, and the Gulf Coast.
- Understanding Texas farm land regions is crucial for finding a profitable plot.
- Texas is known for its diverse range of crops and livestock, making it ideal for farming.
Table of Contents
Understanding Texas Farm Land Regions
As someone who has spent a lot of time exploring the great state of Texas, I can tell you that the farm land here is incredibly diverse.
Each region in Texas has its unique characteristics that make it ideal for different types of farming. In this section, I'll give you a brief overview of the different regions and what makes them so special.
The Hill Country is located in central Texas and is known for its rugged terrain and scenic beauty. This region is characterized by rolling hills, rocky outcroppings, and deep canyons. The climate here is mild, with hot summers and cool winters, making it perfect for a wide variety of crops.
Some of the most popular crops in the Hill Country include peaches, pecans, and grapes. The region is also home to many cattle ranches, which take advantage of the abundant grazing land.
The Plains region of Texas covers most of the western part of the state and is known for its vast, open spaces.
This region is characterized by flat, treeless terrain and a semi-arid climate. The Plains are ideal for growing cotton, wheat, and other grains, as well as raising cattle and sheep. Oil and gas production is also a significant industry in this region.
The southern part of Texas has a subtropical climate, which makes it unique compared to the rest of the state. This region is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters.
The subtropical climate is ideal for growing citrus fruits, avocados, and other tropical crops. The region is also home to many cattle ranches and is a significant producer of beef.
The western part of Texas has a semi-arid climate, which means that it receives very little rainfall. This region is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild winters.
Despite the harsh climate, the semi-arid region is home to many cattle ranches and is a significant producer of beef. It's also an ideal region for growing cotton, sorghum, and other drought-tolerant crops.
Top Farm Land Regions in Texas
As someone who has spent a considerable amount of time studying agriculture in Texas, I can confidently say that the state has some of the best farmland in the country.
With its diverse climate, abundant water resources, and fertile soil, Texas is home to a wide range of crops, from cotton and corn to grapes and pecans. In this article, I will explore some of the best areas for farming in Texas, as well as the ideal crops to grow in each region.
High Plains & Texas Panhandle
One of the top areas for farming in Texas is the High Plains region, which covers much of the Texas Panhandle. This region is known for its deep, fertile soil and abundant water resources, which make it ideal for growing a variety of crops.
Cotton is one of the most popular crops grown in the High Plains, with over 3 million acres of cotton fields in the region. Other crops grown in the area include:
The High Plains is also home to a growing wine industry, with more than 400 wineries in the state, many of which are located in the Texas High Plains AVA.
Rio Grande Valley
Another top area for farming in Texas is the Rio Grande Valley, which is located in the southernmost part of the state.
This region is known for its warm, subtropical climate, which is ideal for growing citrus fruits, vegetables, and sugarcane.
The Rio Grande Valley is also home to a thriving livestock industry, with cattle, sheep, and goats being raised in the area. Some of the most popular crops grown in the Rio Grande Valley include:
The Blackland Prairie region, which covers much of central Texas, is another top area for farming in the state.
This region is known for its rich, black soil, which is ideal for growing crops such as cotton, corn, and wheat. The Blackland Prairie is also home to a growing wine industry, with more than 50 wineries in the area.
In addition to traditional crops, the Blackland Prairie is also a popular area for growing pecans, which are a major crop in the state.
The Gulf Coast region, which covers much of southeast Texas, is another top area for farming in the state. This region is known for its warm, humid climate, which is ideal for growing crops such as:
The Gulf Coast is also home to a thriving seafood industry, with shrimp, oysters, and crabs being harvested from the area's bays and estuaries.
In addition to traditional crops, the Gulf Coast is also a popular area for growing fruits and vegetables, including:
Types of Farm Land in Texas
As I explore the best farm land in Texas, it's important to understand the different types of land available. In this section, I'll discuss three main types of land: commercial, rural acreage, and recreational retreats.
Commercial farm land is used for large-scale farming operations. This type of land is typically found in the Texas High Plains region, which is known for its successful production of crops such as cotton, wheat, sorghum, and peanuts. The vast, open landscapes of this region allow for efficient and profitable farming.
Rural acreage is a type of farm land that is more suitable for small-scale farming operations. This type of land is typically found in the Coastal Bend region, which is characterized by its fertile soils, mild winters, and ample rainfall.
Rural acreage is perfect for those who want to live a self-sufficient lifestyle and grow their own food.
Recreational retreats are farm lands that are used for recreational purposes such as hunting, fishing, and camping.
These types of lands are often found in the Hill Country region of Texas, which is known for its scenic beauty and abundance of wildlife. Recreational retreats are perfect for those who want to escape the hustle and bustle of city life and enjoy the great outdoors.
Popular Texas Cities Near Farm Land
As I explore the best farmland in Texas, it's important to consider the major cities that offer prime agricultural land. Here are some of the popular Texas cities for farmland:
Dallas, located in North Texas, is a thriving city that offers plenty of opportunities for agricultural growth. With its rich soil, moderate climate, and access to water sources, Dallas is an ideal location for cultivating crops like cotton, wheat, and corn.
Additionally, the city's proximity to major highways and transportation hubs makes it easy to transport goods to market.
Houston, located in East Texas, is another major city that boasts excellent farmland. The city's warm climate and ample rainfall make it perfect for growing crops like rice, soybeans, and sugarcane.
Houston also has a large port, which makes it easy to export agricultural products to other countries.
Austin, located in Central Texas, is known for its vibrant music scene and thriving tech industry. However, the city also has plenty of farmland that is perfect for growing fruits and vegetables.
Austin's mild climate and fertile soil make it an ideal location for cultivating crops like tomatoes, peppers, and melons.
Common Crops Grown in Texas
As a farmer in Texas, I have grown a variety of crops over the years. Texas is known for its diverse agricultural production, and we grow everything from rice to fruits. Here are some of the crops that are commonly grown in Texas.
Rice is a staple crop in Texas agriculture, and we produce about 5% of the nation's rice from the growing season. The best regions for growing rice in Texas are the Gulf Coast and the Lower Colorado River Valley.
The most common types of rice grown in Texas are long-grain and medium-grain rice. Rice is a water-intensive crop, and farmers in Texas use a combination of irrigation and rainwater to grow it.
Corn is another major crop in Texas, and we produce about 10% of the nation's corn. The best regions for growing corn in Texas are the High Plains, the Gulf Coast, and the Blacklands.
Most of the corn grown in Texas is used for animal feed, but some is also used for human consumption and ethanol production.
Texas is the largest cotton-producing state in the nation, and we produce about 25% of the nation's cotton. The best Texas agricultural land for growing cotton are the High Plains, the Rolling Plains, and the Trans-Pecos. Cotton is a labor-intensive crop, and it requires a lot of water and fertilizer to grow.
Sorghum is an important crop in Texas, and we produce about 20% of the nation's sorghum.
The best regions for growing sorghum in Texas are the High Plains, the Rolling Plains, and the Blacklands. Sorghum is a drought-tolerant crop, and it is often used for animal feed and ethanol production.
Texas is a major producer of vegetables, and we grow everything from tomatoes to sweet potatoes.
The best regions for growing vegetables in Texas are the Rio Grande Valley, the Winter Garden region, and the Blacklands. Vegetables are often grown using drip irrigation to conserve water.
Texas is also a major producer of fruits, and we grow everything from peaches to watermelons. The best regions for growing fruits in Texas are the Hill Country, the Rio Grande Valley, and the High Plains. Fruits are often grown using a combination of drip irrigation and rainwater.
Livestock Farming in Texas
As a Texan farmer, I know that livestock farming is a crucial part of our state's agricultural industry.
Texas has a diverse range of livestock, including cattle, pigs, and turkeys. Each of these animals has unique needs and requirements, and farmers must carefully consider the best regions in Texas to raise them.
Cattle are a common sight in Texas, and the state is known for its beef production. The best regions for cattle farming in Texas are the Blackland Prairie, the Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes, and the South Texas Plains.
These regions have fertile soils and abundant grasslands, which provide ample food and space for cattle to graze.
Pigs are another popular livestock animal in Texas, and the state is one of the top pork producers in the country. The best regions for pig farming in Texas are the Blackland Prairie and the Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes.
These regions have a warm and humid climate, which is ideal for pig farming. Additionally, they have access to abundant feed sources, such as corn and soybeans.
Turkey farming is a growing industry in Texas, and the state is home to many commercial turkey farms with excellent agricultural productivity.
The best regions for turkey farming in Texas are the Rolling Plains and the Cross Timbers. These regions have a moderate climate and ample grasslands, which provide a suitable habitat for turkeys.
Cost of Farm Land in Texas
As someone who has been researching the best farm land in Texas, I have found that the cost of farm land varies depending on the location and size of the property.
According to AcreTrader, the average size of a farm in Texas is 511 acres, and the state has a total of 248,416 farms.
In general, the cost of farm land in Texas is relatively low compared to other states in the country. As of August 2023, I have found that Texas farms can range from $1,500 to $10,000 per acre. However, prices can be higher or lower depending on the location and quality of the land.
For example, in the San Antonio region, I found that land prices can range from $2,500 to $6,000 per acre, according to LandWatch.
In the Piney Woods North region, farm land can range from $2,000 to $5,000 per acre. In the Coastal Prairie South region, farm land can range from $2,000 to $7,500 per acre.
Naturally, small farms for Texas agriculture will be on the cheaper end of the spectrum. The average price of buying farmland in affordable areas can be as low as $1,500 per acre.
Cost Factors to Consider
It's important to note that the cost of farm land in Texas can also be impacted by factors such as soil quality, water availability, and access to infrastructure. For example, farm land with access to irrigation systems and good soil quality may be more expensive than land without those features.
Overall, the cost of farm land in Texas is relatively affordable compared to other states, and there are many different areas to choose from depending on your needs and budget.
Organic vs Non-Organic Farming in Texas
As a farmer in Texas, I was interested in exploring the economic feasibility of transitioning to organic farming practices.
After conducting research, I found that while organic farming can be more expensive than conventional farming in the short term, it can be more profitable in the long term due to higher prices for organic products and lower input costs.
According to a study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, organic farming can be more profitable than conventional farming in the long term due to higher prices for organic products and lower input costs.
The study found that while organic farming can be more expensive in the short term due to higher labor costs and lower yields, these costs can be offset by higher prices for organic products and lower input costs such as fertilizer and pesticides.
Another study published in the Journal of Sustainable Agriculture found that organic farming can also have environmental benefits such as reduced soil erosion and water pollution.
Overall, the research suggests that transitioning to organic farming practices in Texas can be a profitable and sustainable choice for farmers.
About THE AUTHOR
Brittany has been in the land business since 2020 when the world was starting to shut down. Since then, we’ve sold to dozens of people from ATV weekend warriors to camping enthusiasts to retired truck drivers. Our inventory spans mostly in the western United States. We’ve been trained by experience, land acquisition courses, and hundreds of hours meeting with county assessors and clerks, zoning officials, realtors, and land investors. We’ve answered hundreds of questions from people regarding the buying and use of land.Read More About Brittany Melling