Whether you're a seasoned real estate investor or a first-time buyer, understanding how many acres make up a parcel of land is valuable knowledge.
A parcel of land can be as small as one acre or as large as 160 acres or more. Each parcel's size depends on location, zoning regulations, and intended use. The government historically divided land parcels into 40-acre plots, or "quarter-quarter sections."
This article will explore the different ways to define and measure the acreage of a parcel, as well as shed light on some common land measurements and their historical roots. All information has been gathered directly from government documents and the regulations currently in place surrounding parcels. Keep reading to learn more.
- A parcel of land can be half an acre to as large as 160 acres. This is the case for larger parcels on an industrial-scale farm.
- A parcel of land is a term used to describe a tract of land that's been divided, bought, and sold among owners, but it's not a specific measurement itself.
- Most pieces of land have multiple parcels because it’s easier to calculate square footage than it is with large tracts.
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How Many Acres Is A Parcel Of Land?
A parcel of land can be as small as one acre or as large as 160 acres, depending on various factors. It is defined as a lot, parcel, or block of land on a piece of property. Generally, it is not a fixed measurement and it can change.
Every piece of property can define a parcel differently. A parcel of land is a term used to describe a tract of land that's been divided, bought, and sold among owners, but it's not a specific measurement itself.
Parcels can range in size from as little as half an acre to as large as 160 acres, making it essential to investigate each property's unique specifications for accurate measurements. It’s more common to see smaller parcels of just a dozen acres or so.
The U.S. government originally divided land into 40-acre plots. But modern parcels can vary significantly in size. The Public Land Survey System typically refers to a parcel as one square mile or 640 acres.
What Are The Different Variations in Land Parcel Sizes?
A fixed measurement does not define a parcel of land, so its size can vary greatly, ranging from as small as one square mile to as large as 160 square miles.
Minimum and Maximum Parcel Sizes
Typically, a parcel of land can be subdivided into smaller lots. For example, it's possible to divide a 40-acre parcel into smaller lots with four sides measuring 1,320 feet each. This requires you to convert acres to square feet,
However, a parcel's size can be influenced by various factors, such as location, regulations, and intended use. Consequently, it's essential to remember that no universally defined parcel size exists.
Influencing Factors on Parcel Size
Several factors influence the size of a parcel, including:
- Location: Parcels in urban areas are generally smaller than those in rural settings. In the US, only 3.6% of land is urbanized, while the majority is undeveloped.
- Regulations: Local zoning and land-use regulations can dictate the minimum and maximum sizes of parcels to be developed or subdivided.
- Intended use: The intended use of a parcel, such as residential, agricultural, or industrial, also plays a role in determining its size.
Difference Between a Parcel Of Land & a Lot
If you’re considering buying a piece of land, you may have heard the terms “parcel” and “lot” used interchangeably. Although they are often used to refer to the same thing, it is important to understand the differences between them when deciding which type is best for your needs.
Parcels Are Used For Tax Purposes
A parcel of land refers to a physical area that has been designated for use, whether for development or other purposes. A parcel can be large or small and can include anything from a single lot on which a home is built to an entire section of commercial property or agricultural acreage.
This is done for tax purposes. Larger lots and small parcels are taxed differently by the federal government. Making the differentiation between the two can impact the tax bill for a commercial business at the end of the year.
Lots Are Recognized Property Subdivisions
A lot generally refers to one specific tract within a larger parcel that is destined specifically for individual use. For instance, residential lots are typically small and intended only for building one house.
Lots are recognized as property subdivisions. All local laws and building regulations are based on lots, not parcels. This is why the term lot is more commonly used in the residential and commercial property world.
When you have more lots, you can save or make more money when it's time to pay taxes or monetize the land too.
Types Of Land Parcels
Here, we'll discuss the types of land parcels and how big a parcel for each category can be.
- City House Lots: These parcels are often smaller in size, typically measuring around a quarter acre or less. An example would be a city house lot measuring 33 feet wide and 102 feet long.
- Rural Land Parcels: Rural land parcels are typically larger than city house lots. They can range from a few acres for a small farm to hundreds or thousands of acres for huge agricultural operations.
- Government Land Parcels: Since 1832, the U.S. government has divided land into 40-acre plots, or a "quarter-quarter-section." These parcels are square, with each side measuring 1,320 feet.
Calculating the acreage of a parcel of land can be done by multiplying its length and width (in feet) and dividing the result by 43,560. This will give you the number of acres for that particular plot. Convert square feet to acres for a better measurement too.
Land management is important. Here are more ways land parcels can be categorized based on different criteria.
- Residential: Parcels designated for single-family homes, apartments, or other residential structures.
- Agricultural: These parcels mainly consist of farmland, timberland, or idle land in rural locations.
- Industrial: An urban parcel set aside for factories, warehouses, and other industrial uses.
- Commercial: Commercial properties are intended for retail, office, or other commercial purposes.
- Public: Parcels owned by government entities, often used for parks, schools, or other public facilities.
Understanding the various influencing factors and types of land parcels will help you make informed decisions when considering the purchase or sale of a parcel of land.
About THE AUTHOR
Brittany has been in the land business since 2020 when the world was starting to shut down. Since then, we’ve sold to dozens of people from ATV weekend warriors to camping enthusiasts to retired truck drivers. Our inventory spans mostly in the western United States. We’ve been trained by experience, land acquisition courses, and hundreds of hours meeting with county assessors and clerks, zoning officials, realtors, and land investors. We’ve answered hundreds of questions from people regarding the buying and use of land.Read More About Brittany Melling