Crossing the border as a foreigner to buy land is always challenging. This is why many US citizens ask if they can buy land in Canada.
Yes, you can purchase land in Canada as a US citizen. Canada welcomes property ownership by non-residents, opening up opportunities for Americans to invest in their northern neighbor. However, Canada has put a two-year ban on resident land or property purchases by foreigners due to housing costs.
This guide will discuss buying land in Canada, understanding the tax implications, and exploring various financing options. Whether you're looking to build a vacation home, invest in real estate, or eventually relocate to Canada, having the correct information will help make your journey smooth.
- US citizens can buy land in Canada. However, there is a current two-year ban until December 31, 2024, that does not allow any foreigner to purchase residential property.
- Canadian banks offer mortgages to non-residents, but interest rates are higher, and down payment requirements are 35%.
- Canada charges higher taxes for US citizens. Examples of this are the foreign buyers tax and provincial sales tax.
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Can I Buy Land In Canada As a US Citizen?
Yes, US citizens can buy land in Canada, but you must be aware of the process, taxes, and financing options involved in the purchase. But right now, there is a temporary ban for foreigners from buying resident property for two years.
In normal times when the ban is lifted, we would try to understand that property ownership regulations may differ from one province to another. Research the area where you plan to buy the property and familiarize yourself with local laws and regulations.
Foreign buyers do not have the same land rights as a Canadian citizen. The Canadian real estate market is also not a friendly one over the past few years, but it’s possible to find a good deal with some help.
Regarding financing, Canadian banks may require a 35% down payment for property purchases by non-residents. Investigating local lenders and comparing different financing options is advisable to find the best possible mortgage solution.
Taxes are another crucial aspect to consider. When purchasing property in Canada, non-resident buyers may be subject to additional taxes like the following.
- Land Transfer Tax
- Non-Resident Speculation Tax (In certain regions)
- Goods and Services Tax (GST) for new properties
Remember that if you are purchasing with a spouse who is a permanent Canadian resident, you are not generally subject to the Non-Resident Speculation Tax.
Finally, it is essential to consult a lawyer and a real estate professional experienced in assisting non-residents for guidance and support throughout the process.
Eligibility and Legalities Of Buying Land In Canada
As mentioned, no US citizen can buy residential property or land in Canada today. This ban is expected to last until December 31, 2024. But under normal circumstances, the policies would look like this.
As a US citizen, you can buy land in Canada without any specific visa requirement. However, if you plan to make the property your primary residence, you must apply for the appropriate visa. This can be done with a permanent residency or a visitor visa.
Each province in Canada may have its regulations regarding purchasing land by non-residents. It's crucial to familiarize yourself with the specific rules and regulations of the province where you're interested in buying property.
Some provinces, like Ontario, impose additional transfer taxes on non-residents purchasing property. This tax is usually around 15%.
Foreign Ownership Restrictions
There is no general restriction on foreign ownership of land in Canada. Nevertheless, some provinces limit the amount of land a foreign individual or entity can own.
Additionally, some areas may be subject to government approval - involving a review and justification process - for non-resident land purchases. Make sure to research the specific ownership restrictions and requirements for the area where you wish to buy land.
When buying land in Canada as a US citizen, be prepared for various property taxes and financing options. Understanding the eligibility criteria, legalities, and necessary documentation will help ensure a smooth process.
You can purchase Canadian land by staying informed and abiding by provincial regulations and foreign ownership restrictions. You can successfully buy Canadian land.
Canadian Property Buying Process Explained
If you're a US citizen looking to buy land in Canada, you're in luck! The process of purchasing property in Canada is relatively straightforward.
However, there are a few essential things to consider, such as taxes and financing options. Let's look at the main steps involved in the buying process.
Start by researching the Canadian real estate market and finding a suitable property. You can use online resources, such as real estate websites and local listings, to explore properties across the country.
Once you find a property that fits your needs and budget, reach out to a Canadian real estate agent to help you navigate the process. For now, residential property should be off your radar because of the temporary buying ban.
As a non-resident, you can still obtain a mortgage to purchase property in Canada, although the requirements might differ slightly. Typically, non-residents need to make a larger down payment, usually around 35% of the total property value.
You can consult a Canadian bank or mortgage broker to guide you through the financing process. Because of the relationship between the Canadian government and the United States, these banks are happy to work with US citizens.
Making an Offer
Once you've found the perfect property and secured financing, it's time to make an offer. Work with your real estate agent to determine a fair price for a piece of land. They can advise on what a smart offer would be.
The offer will include important details, such as the purchase price, conditions, and closing date. Be prepared to negotiate with the seller until you reach an agreement.
Closing the Deal
After your offer is accepted, you'll need to engage a Canadian lawyer to help with the closing process. Closing typically involves property inspections, title searches, and mortgage finalization.
You'll also need to pay taxes, including the land transfer tax and, in some cases, the non-resident speculation tax. Once everything is complete, you'll receive the keys to your new Canadian property.
Canadian Real Estate Taxes and Fees For US Citizens
When buying land in Canada as a US citizen, it's crucial to understand the various taxes and fees associated with the process.
Below you'll find an outline of these expenses, organized into subsections to provide a clearer understanding of what to expect.
Property Transfer Tax
This tax is typically applied when the ownership of a property is transferred to a new buyer. Rates can vary depending on the province, with some exemptions or reductions available for qualifying purchases.
For example, US citizens and non-residents are subject to the same taxes as Canadian citizens, but they may face additional levies in high-demand areas too.
Goods and Services Tax
US buyers might need to pay the Goods and Services Tax (GST) when purchasing a new or substantially renovated property. This is known as provincial sales tax, which is about 5% depending on the city.
This federal tax is calculated as a percentage of the property purchase price. It's important to consult with a tax professional to ensure GST applies to your specific transaction.
Annual Property Taxes
Annual property taxes are a part of property ownership in Canada, regardless of the owner's nationality. The buyer is also responsible for the property tax adjustment.
The amount you will be required to pay varies by municipality and is based on the assessed value of the land. US citizens can expect to pay roughly 1% in property taxes on the first $200,000 in property value and 2% on the balance.
Other Potential Fees
Apart from the abovementioned taxes, additional fees and taxes exist for US citizens purchasing land in Canada. One example is the foreign buyers tax.
This is a new 15-25% tax in Canada too. It was implemented on October 25, 2022, for non-Canadian citizens. Other taxes or fees include the following.
- Legal fees associated with hiring a Canadian real estate lawyer
- Mortgage application fees, if applicable
- Land survey costs, if required
- Property appraisal fees, if needed for financing purposes
Be prepared for these fees and consult a real estate professional to help you navigate the process effectively.
Financing Options For For US Citizens Buying Land In Canada
As a U.S. citizen, you can indeed buy land in Canada. However, you'll need to navigate the process of purchasing land, taxes, and financing options.
Non-residents can obtain a mortgage to buy property in Canada. However, Canadian banks and lenders usually require a minimum 35% down payment for non-residents to qualify for a mortgage.
To finance the purchase, you can reach out to cross-border mortgage specialists. They are designed exclusively for Canadians and offer access to real estate, tax, legal, insurance, and financing experts.
Seller financing is another option to finance your land purchase in Canada. In this arrangement, the seller agrees to finance a portion or the entire purchase price, allowing you to make payments directly to them instead of securing a mortgage from a bank.
This can be a more flexible approach, but agreeing on the terms and conditions with the seller is crucial, such as the interest rate, payment schedule, and possible penalties for late or missed payments, is vital.
While exploring financing options, determine the taxes that apply to your land purchase, such as property taxes, land transfer taxes, and potential capital gains taxes, when selling the land in the future.
About THE AUTHOR
Brittany has been in the land business since 2020 when the world was starting to shut down. Since then, we’ve sold to dozens of people from ATV weekend warriors to camping enthusiasts to retired truck drivers. Our inventory spans mostly in the western United States. We’ve been trained by experience, land acquisition courses, and hundreds of hours meeting with county assessors and clerks, zoning officials, realtors, and land investors. We’ve answered hundreds of questions from people regarding the buying and use of land.Read More About Brittany Melling